Cycling keeps you fit and protects the environment at the same time. However, this requires a lot of physical strength and you can get out of breath at work. So why not opt for an electric-assisted bicycle? You always enjoy the benefits of pedaling without having to put too much effort into it. How to choose your bike according to its battery?
What are the components of a battery?
Before deciding on the type of battery to choose for your electric-assisted bicycle, you must first understand how it works. Note that a battery includes a case, cells, wiring and a motherboard. The case is the container you see on the outside. It is generally manufactured in a more impact-resistant resinous assembly. The housing must be sealed for battery safety. Cells are accumulators that act as energy reserves. They are connected together by means of wiring. The motherboard houses the programming of the electric bicycle. It is the brain of the device that is used to pay for assistance based on bicycle use. Finally, you need to analyze the battery technologies that suit your needs. In general, there is a lithium, lead and nickel battery.
What type of battery should I choose?
The most popular technology is lithium, as it offers the best performance. This battery allows you to easily climb hills by more than 10%. It is lightweight and offers a range of 50 to 60 km. As it weighs only 3 kg, you can easily take your bike with you on public transport. In addition, you can take it home with you to load it. If you use your bike frequently, you need the battery because it has a long life span. Even if it is a little expensive, you can quickly amortize its cost thanks to the ecological bonus. It should be noted that this bonus is only granted to the electric bicycle kit without lead battery. However, if you use your bike occasionally, it is useless to invest in a battery that is too expensive. The lead-acid battery will be the best alternative. Although it is heavier and has a low battery life, you will not have time to amortize your lithium battery. Finally, there are nickel batteries which are very expensive without offering the same performance as lithium. In addition, you should evaluate the convenience of the battery, since it is always more pleasant to travel with a practical bike. This depends above all on its weight, which is greatly influenced by the weight of the battery. The lighter the battery, the easier it is to ride a bike. However, the weight of a battery may not fall below 2.5 kg, taking into account its components. If so, this may affect its autonomy. Then, it is necessary to study the positioning of the bicycle battery. It depends on the type of bike. The battery is installed in the luggage rack for city bicycles. It is placed inside the frame for bicycles with triangular frames such as VTC and VTT. This position ensures a better balance for the bike.
Which autonomy to choose for your battery?
It should be noted that the autonomy indicated by the manufacturers is always indicative. The autonomy of an electric bicycle battery depends on its use and many other parameters. In general, it is defined by the capacity and quality of the cells, the power of the engine, the condition of the bicycle, the ambient temperature and the frequency and intensity of use. Note that the more powerful a bike is, the more energy it consumes. The autonomy then decreases when the power increases. The load supported also influences the autonomy. A 70 kg cyclist consumes more energy than a 50 kg cyclist. Then, the energy consumed by the battery varies as you drive on flat, uneven or sloping ground. In addition, a poor quality component leads to overconsumption of energy such as a poorly inflated tire. Finally, you must drive at a temperature between 15 and 25°. Above these temperatures (too hot or too cold) and as this difference becomes greater, the bike’s range is reduced. As soon as you notice a failure in the system, consider repairing your bike’s batteries to maximize its range.